What is laser dentistry?

Laser dentistry is a way to correct cavity treatment, gum issues and other oral problems. It is minimally invasive and can be used to alter or remove tissue in small quantities.

What conditions can be treated with laser dentistry?

Some of the conditions that can be tackled with laser dentistry include:

  • Root canals
  • Gum diseases
  • Cutting of gums/ Reshaping gum tissue that has overgrown due to certain medications
  • Biopsies
  • Removing oral tumours
  • Reducing the discomfort from cold sores and cankers

What are some of the benefits of laser dentistry over traditional dentistry?

Laser dentistry has several benefits over traditional dentistry methods. Some of them include:

  • Less necessity for sutures and to return for suture removal
  • Reduced need for anaesthesia
  • Quicker healing time
  • Less likelihood of infection as procedure addresses only the diseased or affected area
  • Less swelling and bleeding

What are different types of lasers used for laser dentistry?

There are two main types of lasers used in dentistry.

  • Hard tissue lasers
    Hard tissue lasers are used on the teeth themselves. These lasers have a specific setting that can cut through both water and bone tissue, especially your enamel which is made out of calcium phosphate. These lasers are extremely accurate and can be used for tasks like carving out enamel for tooth fillings, detecting hidden cavities and may be a better choice for patients who are sensitive to the dental drill.
  • Soft tissue lasers
    Soft tissue lasers use a wavelength that are tuned to cutting into soft tissue as well as sealing any exposed blood vessels simultaneously. During soft tissue laser surgery, not much blood is to be expected and generally post-surgery healing is quicker. Soft tissue lasers are suitable for tasks like modifying crowns, gum reshaping and moving soft tissue.

How is the procedure different from regular dental procedures?

Most patients will find laser dental procedures quite similar to regular procedures. Generally, only mild anaesthesia is needed. During the procedure, the loud vibrations and discomfort from the drill will be absent. Most patients find that laser dental surgery is more tolerable and comfortable from regular dental procedures.